# Show Reference: "Computing Machinery and Intelligence"

Computing Machinery and Intelligence Mind, Vol. 59, No. 236. (October 1950), pp. 433-460, doi:10.2307/2251299 by Alan M. Turing edited by Gilbert Ryle
@article{turing-1950,
author = {Turing, Alan M.},
citeulike-article-id = {675373},
doi = {10.2307/2251299},
editor = {Ryle, Gilbert},
issn = {00264423},
journal = {Mind},
keywords = {ai},
month = oct,
number = {236},
pages = {433--460},
posted-at = {2015-02-11 11:14:01},
priority = {2},
publisher = {Oxford University Press on behalf of the Mind Association},
series = {New Series},
title = {Computing Machinery and Intelligence},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2251299},
volume = {59},
year = {1950}
}



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Alan Turing invokes his computing machines as possibly intelligent machines when he proposes his Turing Test (also known as the Immitation Game) to promote the idea that machines may be intelligent.

Artificial intelligence has been biomimetic from the start.

One of the arguments against Turing's test that he himself apparently thought was most compelling was that machines are probably incapable of extrasensory perception and, in particular, of telepathy.

From his 1950 paper, it seems like Turing believed in scientific evidence for extrasensory perception (although begrudgingly).

A nice argument for Turing's immitation game (aka. the Turing test) is that it is no worse than how we conclude that other people have intelligence. We only believe that we're not the only intelligent entities in this world because other people respond to interaction in a way which is consistent with them being intelligent.