Show Reference: "Neural basis of feature-based contextual effects on visual search behavior."

Neural basis of feature-based contextual effects on visual search behavior. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 5 (2011), doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2011.00091 by Kelly Shen, Martin Paré
    abstract = {Searching for a visual object is known to be adaptable to context, and it is thought to result from the selection of neural representations distributed on a visual salience map, wherein stimulus-driven and goal-directed signals are combined. Here we investigated the neural basis of this adaptability by recording superior colliculus ({SC}) neurons while three female rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) searched with saccadic eye movements for a target presented in an array of visual stimuli whose feature composition varied from trial to trial. We found that sensory-motor activity associated with distracters was enhanced or suppressed depending on the search array composition and that it corresponded to the monkey's search strategy, as assessed by the distribution of the occasional errant saccades. This feature-related modulation occurred independently from the saccade goal and facilitated the process of saccade target selection. We also observed feature-related enhancement in the activity associated with distracters that had been the search target during the previous session. Consistent with recurrent processing, both feature-related neuronal modulations occurred more than 60 ms after the onset of the visually evoked responses, and their near coincidence with the time of saccade target selection suggests that they are integral to this process. These results suggest that {SC} neuronal activity is shaped by the visual context as dictated by both stimulus-driven and goal-directed signals. Given the close proximity of the {SC} to the motor circuit, our findings suggest a direct link between perception and action and no need for distinct salience and motor maps.},
    author = {Shen, Kelly and Par\'{e}, Martin},
    doi = {10.3389/fnbeh.2011.00091},
    issn = {1662-5153},
    journal = {Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience},
    keywords = {attention, biology, bottom-up, localization, probability, saliency, saliency-maps, sc, sc-input, visual, visual-processing},
    pmcid = {PMC3258668},
    pmid = {22287945},
    posted-at = {2012-03-23 07:50:54},
    priority = {2},
    title = {Neural basis of feature-based contextual effects on visual search behavior.},
    url = {},
    volume = {5},
    year = {2011}

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