Show Reference: "Benefits of multisensory learning"

Benefits of multisensory learning Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 11. (November 2008), pp. 411-417, doi:10.1016/j.tics.2008.07.006 by Ladan Shams, Aaron R. Seitz
    abstract = {Studies of learning, and in particular perceptual learning, have focused on learning of stimuli consisting of a single sensory modality. However, our experience in the world involves constant multisensory stimulation. For instance, visual and auditory information are integrated in performing many tasks that involve localizing and tracking moving objects. Therefore, it is likely that the human brain has evolved to develop, learn and operate optimally in multisensory environments. We suggest that training protocols that employ unisensory stimulus regimes do not engage multisensory learning mechanisms and, therefore, might not be optimal for learning. However, multisensory-training protocols can better approximate natural settings and are more effective for learning.},
    author = {Shams, Ladan and Seitz, Aaron R.},
    doi = {10.1016/j.tics.2008.07.006},
    issn = {13646613},
    journal = {Trends in Cognitive Sciences},
    keywords = {biology, learning, multisensory},
    month = nov,
    number = {11},
    pages = {411--417},
    pmid = {18805039},
    posted-at = {2013-11-18 10:43:40},
    priority = {2},
    title = {Benefits of multisensory learning},
    url = {},
    volume = {12},
    year = {2008}

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Multisensory input can provide redundant information on the same thing.

Redundancy reduces uncertainty and increases reliability.

The redundancy provided my multisensory input can facilitate or even enable learning.