Show Reference: "Self-Organizing Maps"

Self-Organizing Maps (1995) by Teuvo Kohonen edited by Thomas S. Huang, Teuvo Kohonen, Manfred R. Schroeder
    address = {Berlin},
    author = {Kohonen, Teuvo},
    editor = {Huang, Thomas S. and Kohonen, Teuvo and Schroeder, Manfred R.},
    isbn = {3-540-58600-8},
    keywords = {algorithmic, learning, som, unsupervised-learning},
    posted-at = {2014-03-18 13:53:06},
    priority = {2},
    series = {Springer series in information sciences},
    title = {{Self-Organizing} Maps},
    year = {1995}

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Kohonen advises to initialize large SOMs such that their initial organization is already similar to the expected final one to speed up convergence.


If a SOM is trained on data whose dimensionality is higher than that of the SOM's grid, mapping of data points into the grid becomes more and more non-monotonic, an effect called `zebra stripes' by Kohonen.