Show Reference: "Early Auditory Experience Aligns the Auditory Map of Space in the Optic Tectum of the Barn Owl"

Early Auditory Experience Aligns the Auditory Map of Space in the Optic Tectum of the Barn Owl Science, Vol. 222, No. 4626. (25 November 1983), pp. 939-942, doi:10.1126/science.6635667 by Eric I. Knudsen
@article{knudsen-1983b,
    abstract = {Auditory and visual space are mapped in the optic tectum of the barn owl. Normally, these maps of space are in close mutual alignment. Ear plugs inserted unilaterally in young barn owls disrupted the binaural cues that constitute the basis of the auditory map. Yet when recordings were made from the tecta of these birds as adults, the auditory and visual maps were in register. When the ear plugs were removed from these adult birds and binaural balance was restored, the auditory maps were shifted substantially relative to the visual maps and relative to the physical borders of the tecta. These results demonstrate that the neural connectivity that gives rise to the auditory map of space in the optic tectum can be modified by experience in such a way that spatial alignment between sensory modalities is maintained.},
    author = {Knudsen, Eric I.},
    citeulike-article-id = {3860720},
    citeulike-linkout-0 = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.6635667},
    citeulike-linkout-1 = {http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/222/4626/939},
    citeulike-linkout-2 = {http://view.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6635667},
    citeulike-linkout-3 = {http://www.hubmed.org/display.cgi?uids=6635667},
    day = {25},
    doi = {10.1126/science.6635667},
    issn = {0036-8075},
    journal = {Science},
    keywords = {auditory, biology, sc, topographic-maps, visual},
    month = nov,
    number = {4626},
    pages = {939--942},
    pmid = {6635667},
    posted-at = {2014-09-19 12:33:37},
    priority = {2},
    title = {Early Auditory Experience Aligns the Auditory Map of Space in the Optic Tectum of the Barn Owl},
    url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.6635667},
    volume = {222},
    year = {1983}
}

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Occluding one ear early in life shifts the map of auditory space with respect to the map of visual space in barn owls. Prolonged occlusion of one ear early in life leads to a permanent realignment of the auditory map with the visual map.