Show Reference: "Enhancement of visual perception by crossmodal visuo-auditory interaction"

Enhancement of visual perception by crossmodal visuo-auditory interaction Experimental Brain Research, Vol. 147, No. 3. (December 2002), pp. 332-343, doi:10.1007/s00221-002-1262-y by Francesca Frassinetti, Nadia Bolognini, Elisabetta Làdavas
    abstract = {Neurophysiological studies have shown in animals that a sudden sound enhanced perceptual processing of subsequent visual stimuli. In the present study, we explored the possibility that such enhancement also exists in humans and can be explained through crossmodal integration effects, whereby the interaction occurs at the level of bimodal neurons. Subjects were required to detect visual stimuli in a unimodal visual condition or in crossmodal audio-visual conditions. The spatial and the temporal proximity of multisensory stimuli were systematically varied. An enhancement of the perceptual sensitivity (d') for luminance detection was found when the audiovisual stimuli followed a rather clear spatial and temporal rule, governing multisensory integration at the neuronal level.},
    author = {Frassinetti, Francesca and Bolognini, Nadia and L\`{a}davas, Elisabetta},
    doi = {10.1007/s00221-002-1262-y},
    issn = {0014-4819},
    journal = {Experimental Brain Research},
    keywords = {audio, biology, multisensory-integration, visual},
    month = dec,
    number = {3},
    pages = {332--343},
    pmid = {12428141},
    posted-at = {2014-03-10 13:14:22},
    priority = {2},
    title = {Enhancement of visual perception by crossmodal visuo-auditory interaction},
    url = {},
    volume = {147},
    year = {2002}

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Frassinetti et al. showed that humans detect near-threshold visual stimuli with greater reliability if these stimuli are connected with spatially congruent auditory stimuli (and vice versa).