Show Reference: "{MST} Neurons Respond to Optic Flow and Translational Movement"

MST Neurons Respond to Optic Flow and Translational Movement Journal of Neurophysiology, Vol. 80, No. 4. (01 October 1998), pp. 1816-1827 by Charles J. Duffy
    abstract = {We recorded the responses of 189 medial superior temporal area ({MST}) neurons by using optic flow, real translational movement, and combined stimuli in which matching directions of optic flow and real translational movement were presented together. One-half of the neurons (48\%) showed strong responses to optic flow simulating self-movement in the horizontal plane, and 24\% showed strong responses to translational movement. Combining optic flow stimuli with matching directions of translational movement caused substantial changes in both the amplitude of the best responses (44\% of neurons) and the strength of direction selectivity (71\% of neurons), with little effect on which stimulus direction was preferred. However, combining optic flow and translational movement such that opposite directions were presented together changed the preferred direction in 45\% of the neurons with substantial changes in the strength of direction selectivity. These studies suggest that {MST} neurons combine visual and vestibular signals to enhance self-movement detection and disambiguate optic flow that results from either self-movement or the movement of large objects near the observer.},
    address = {Department of Neurology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.},
    author = {Duffy, Charles J.},
    citeulike-article-id = {3299623},
    citeulike-linkout-0 = {},
    citeulike-linkout-1 = {},
    citeulike-linkout-2 = {},
    citeulike-linkout-3 = {},
    citeulike-linkout-4 = {},
    day = {01},
    issn = {1522-1598},
    journal = {Journal of Neurophysiology},
    keywords = {biology, mst, multisensory, optic-flow, visual},
    month = oct,
    number = {4},
    pages = {1816--1827},
    pmid = {9772241},
    posted-at = {2014-09-30 11:30:14},
    priority = {2},
    publisher = {American Physiological Society},
    title = {{MST} Neurons Respond to Optic Flow and Translational Movement},
    url = {},
    volume = {80},
    year = {1998}

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Cells in MST respond to and are selective to optic flow.

Cells in MST respond to vestibular motion cues.

Some cells in MST are multisensory.

Visuo-vestibular cells in MST perform multisensory integration in the sense that their response to multisensory stimuli is different from their response to either of the uni-sensory cues.

Visuo-vestibular cells tend to be selective for visual and vestibular self-motion cues which indicate motion in the same direction.

The responses of some visuo-vestibular cells were enhanced, that of others was depressed by combined visuo-vestibular cues.

Visual information seems to override vestibular information in estimating heading direction.