Show Reference: "Receptive Field Properties of Color Opponent Neurons in the Cat Lateral Geniculate Nucleus"

Receptive Field Properties of Color Opponent Neurons in the Cat Lateral Geniculate Nucleus The Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 33, No. 4. (23 January 2013), pp. 1451-1461, doi:10.1523/jneurosci.2844-12.2013 by Péter Buzás, Péter Kóbor, Zoltán Petykó, et al.
    abstract = {Most nonprimate mammals possess dichromatic ( ” red–green color blind”) color vision based on short-wavelength-sensitive (S) and medium/long-wavelength-sensitive ({ML}) cone photoreceptor classes. However, the neural pathways carrying signals underlying the primitive  ” blue–yellow” axis of color vision in nonprimate mammals are largely unexplored. Here, we have characterized a population of color opponent ({blue-ON}) cells in recordings from the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus of anesthetized cats. We found five points of similarity to previous descriptions of primate {blue-ON} cells. First, cat {blue-ON} cells receive {ON}-type excitation from S-cones, and {OFF}-type excitation from {ML}-cones. We found no {blue-OFF} cells. Second, the S- and {ML}-cone-driven receptive field regions of cat {blue-ON} cells are closely matched in size, consistent with specialization for detecting color contrast. Third, the receptive field center diameter of cat {blue-ON} cells is approximately three times larger than the center diameter of non-color opponent receptive fields at any eccentricity. Fourth, S- and {ML}-cones contribute weak surround inhibition to cat {blue-ON} cells. These data show that {blue-ON} receptive fields in cats are functionally very similar to {blue-ON} type receptive fields previously described in macaque and marmoset monkeys. Finally, cat {blue-ON} cells are found in the same layers as W-cells, which are thought to be homologous to the primate koniocellular system. Based on these data, we suggest that cat {blue-ON} cells are part of a  ” blue–yellow” color opponent system that is the evolutionary homolog of the {blue-ON} division of the koniocellular pathway in primates.},
    author = {Buz\'{a}s, P\'{e}ter and K\'{o}bor, P\'{e}ter and Petyk\'{o}, Zolt\'{a}n and Telkes, Ildik\'{o} and Martin, Paul R. and L\'{e}n\'{a}rd, L\'{a}szl\'{o}},
    day = {23},
    doi = {10.1523/jneurosci.2844-12.2013},
    issn = {1529-2401},
    journal = {The Journal of Neuroscience},
    keywords = {biology, receptive-fields, visual, visual-processing},
    month = jan,
    number = {4},
    pages = {1451--1461},
    pmid = {23345221},
    posted-at = {2013-02-19 08:37:42},
    priority = {2},
    publisher = {Society for Neuroscience},
    title = {Receptive Field Properties of Color Opponent Neurons in the Cat Lateral Geniculate Nucleus},
    url = {},
    volume = {33},
    year = {2013}

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Most non-primate mammals do not have specialized photoreceptors for the medium-wavelength band. Most primates do.

Neural responses in LGN to short and medium-to-long wavelengths of light are antagonistic in rodents and cats (in certain cells).

Buzás et al. found blue-ON-type cells in the cat LGN, but no blue-OFF cells.

Blue-ON-type cells in primate and cat LGN have large receptive fields